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Forums Compression Techniques Multiple Bitrate Streaming Video?

  • Multiple Bitrate Streaming Video?

  • Patrick Inhofer

    October 3, 2005 at 3:24 pm

    I’m working with a client on packaging internet streams of some of their content on a monthly basis. Our objective is to streamline the operation as much as possible.

    We need to provide Hi and Low speed streaming video of each of their streams. The client was wondering if rather than providing two links, they heard you could provide one file that negotiates with the web browser to provide the best version based on their internet connection.

    Can anyone provide me with links (or an explanation) that will educate me on this aspect of streaming? Is it possible and practicle?

    TIA

    – pi


    Patrick Inhofer
    editor, compositor, nice guy
    applePi Editorial, nyc

  • Ben Waggoner

    October 3, 2005 at 6:18 pm

    Yes, this is supported in all streaming formats one way or another.

    For Windows Media, it’s called Intelligent Streaming

    For RealMedia, it’s called SureStream

    For QuickTime, it’s called QuickTime Movie Alternates

    Any decent WM or RM encoding tool will offer you built in support for it. The QuickTime implementation isn’t as good and isn’t widely supported in modern authoring tools, alas.

  • Patrick Inhofer

    October 3, 2005 at 8:54 pm

    Ben,

    Thanks for your response.

    [Ben Waggoner] “The QuickTime implementation isn’t as good and isn’t widely supported in modern authoring tools, alas.”

    When you say the QT implementation isn’t as good, do you mean it isn’t as reliable?

    pi


    Patrick Inhofer
    editor, compositor, nice guy
    applePi Editorial, nyc

  • Roland R. Kahlenberg

    October 4, 2005 at 9:12 am

    Good thread. I’m wondering what the server requirements are for true streaming. Isn’t it pointless/useless to provide a multi-variable file without having an RSTP? An associated Q would be, can a multi-variable be provided off a HTTP Website.

    Thanks in advance.

  • Ben Waggoner

    October 4, 2005 at 3:06 pm

    To answer both questions:

    The QuickTime implementation is weak, since it only works when the file starts. You make a Master file, which contains URLs for each data rate file, and it only switches between them at the start of the session. However, that means that it can work off web servers for progressive download over HTTP. The SureStream and Intelligent Streaming solutions work much better for RTSP, since they can switch between data rates DURING the stream, but they only work with the RealServer or Windows Media Services, respectively.

    My Book: https://www.benwaggoner.com/books.htm
    Squeeze and ProCoder tutorials: https://www.classondemand.net/benwaggoner/
    Compression Class at Stanford: https://www.digitalmediaacademy.org/compression.html

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